From the beginning of its discovery to the exciting findings in its treatment, many brilliant minds have played a role in this interesting history of diabetes mellitus then and now.
EARLY DAYS: THE URINE TASTE TEST
Diabetes was first accepted as soon as 1500 BC.
During the Middle Ages, doctors studied urine to diagnose medical conditions. They even designed urine flavor charts. In addition, these charts described the sight, smell, and taste of urine. The one disease they diagnosed correctly is diabetes.
In 1674, diabetic urine is described as “wonderfully sweet” like it was flavored with honey or sugar. The first clinical test for sugar was developed in 1841.
SHIFT TO DETECTION AND TREATMENT
The 20th century marked the transition from acceptance of diabetes to detection and treatment. The first use of insulin was in the 1920s.
In the 1950s, we see the use of urine test strips. The first glucose monitor arrived in 1970. Another decade went by before the home glucose monitors showed up.
Therefore, with the arrival of the home glucose monitors people were able to test daily for better diabetes management. The drawback is they only provide a single data point. It didn’t take into account that blood sugar levels change over time.
The development of the A1c test came in the 1970s. Today, the A1c is widely used by doctors to reflect blood sugar over a period of months.
CONCLUSION ON THE HISTORY OF DIABETES
We can clearly see that diabetes mellitus history then and now has advanced from the pee tasting of the past. The tools to diagnose and manage will continue to improve. Better diagnostic tools will still remain a focus in the future.
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