An eye-opening view of diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes. A group of diseases that include to much sugar in the blood (high blood sugar).
THE FOUR TYPES OF DIABETES:
- Pre-diabetes, where the blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. Without making lifestyle changes, pre-diabetes is likely to become type 2 diabetes in 10 years or less.
- Type 1 diabetes, the body stops making insulin. Health problems quickly arise because sugar builds up so fast in the blood. Cells in the body become starved for energy (sugar). Children and young adults diagnosed with diabetes need injections for life.
- Type 2 diabetes, the body makes too little insulin or it does not use the insulin correctly. Type 2 can develop at any age, but most often occurs in people over the age of 45. Healthy eating, exercise, and stress management are key to treating type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes, a pregnant woman that has never had diabetes, but has high blood sugar levels during her pregnancy.
THE NUMBERS ARE INCREASING
This group of diseases can affect anyone. And the numbers are drastically increasing. The cases of diabetes have increased by almost 50 percent in the last decade. This condition is widespread in more than 420 million people.
Diabetes mellitus is the main cause of blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure, and stroke.
It places an emotional, physical, and financial burden on many families. Annually, it cost the American public about $245 billion. Diabetes is a lifelong disease.
THE ROLE OF INSULIN IN DIABETES MELLITUS
Insulin is a hormone that lowers glucose (sugar) in the blood. Insulin created by the cells in the pancreas then released into the blood. When the glucose levels go up, such as after you eat. Insulin helps the glucose enter the cells. Then used as energy or stored for later use.
In diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or the body does not respond correctly to the insulin made. This will cause the glucose levels in the blood to rise.
CONCLUSION TO DIABETES MELLITUS
An eye-opening view of diabetes mellitus as we know is a disease that produces to much sugar in the blood but can be managed with healthy eating, exercise, and stress management.
Are you a diabetic? If so, do you have any tips or tricks that you would like to share?