An eye-opening view of diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes. A metabolic disease that happens to cause high blood sugar.
The word diabetes means going to the bathroom to urinate a lot. The word mellitus means honey.
Before you were diagnosed with diabetes, your body kept your sugar at the right level. After eating carbohydrates, the sugar went into the bloodstream right away. The sugar in your blood was not high or low.
The pancreas produced insulin and glucagon to make sure your sugar was always under control. No matter how much you ate or exercised it was controlled.
THE FOUR TYPES OF DIABETES:
- Pre-diabetes, where the blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. Without making lifestyle changes, pre-diabetes is likely to become type 2 diabetes in 10 years or less.
- Type 1 diabetes, the body stops making insulin. Health problems quickly arise because sugar builds up so fast in the blood. Cells in the body become starved for energy (sugar). Children and young adults diagnosed with diabetes need injections for life.
- Type 2 diabetes, the body makes too little insulin or it does not use the insulin correctly. Type 2 can develop at any age, but most often occurs in people over the age of 45. Healthy eating, exercise, and stress management are key to treating type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes, a pregnant woman that has never had diabetes, but has high blood sugar levels during her pregnancy.
DIABETES NUMBERS ARE INCREASING
This group of diseases can affect anyone. And the numbers are drastically increasing. The cases of diabetes have increased by almost 50 percent in the last decade. This condition is widespread in more than 420 million people.
Diabetes mellitus is the main cause of blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure, and stroke.
It places an emotional, physical, and financial burden on many families. Annually, it cost the American public about $245 billion. Diabetes is a lifelong disease.
DIABETES AND THE ROLE OF INSULIN
Insulin is a hormone that plays an important part in regulating glucose levels. If the body does not make enough insulin or does not respond to insulin, this can lead to having symptoms of diabetes.
Along with its role in controlling blood sugar, insulin is also in the fat storage business.
Insulin plays a part in the body’s metabolism. It manages the body’s use and storage of glucose and fat. The body’s cells like to rely on insulin to take sugar from your blood and use it for energy.
Insulin needs to manage blood sugar levels. It tells the liver, muscles, and fat cells to grab glucose from the blood. Therefore, insulin needs cells to grab glucose to use for energy.
If your body has had enough energy, insulin tells the liver to grab glucose and store it away as glycogen.
The liver has storage enough for up to 5% of its mass as glycogen.
There are some cells in the body that can grab glucose from the blood without using insulin. But most of these cells need insulin to be there.
THE BOTTOM LINE
An eye-opening view of diabetes mellitus as we know is a disease that produces to much sugar in the blood but can be managed with healthy eating, exercise, and stress management.
Are you a diabetic? If so, do you have any tips or tricks that you would like to share?